DogGathering Ground: A Reader Celebrating Cave Canem’s First Decade
Edited by Toi Derricotte and Cornelius Eady. Camille T. Dungy, Assistant Editor. Introduction by Elizabeth Alexander, Harryette Mullen, and the Editors. (University of Michigan Press
Cave Canem is a nonprofit organization for African American poets founded in 1996 by Toi Derricotte and Cornelius Eady. Each summer fifty-two poets (about seventeen new poets a year, with the remainder returning for their second or third summers) take part in a one-week workshop / retreat. Over the past ten year over two hundred poets have gone through Cave Canem’s summer program. Since they return to the workshop / retreat for three years during a five-year period, Cave Canem poets have built a network of connections and support that lasts well beyond the workshop week in June.
Meaning, presumably, that a poet who returned for three years would meet eighty and somebody-odd poets. The contributors here number roughly one hundred and twenty or so—more than half of the participants.
Contributors: M. Eliza Hamilton Abegunde, Opal Palmer Adisa, Elizabeth Alexander, Lauren K. Alleyne, Holly Bass, Venise N. Battle, Herman Beavers, Michelle Courtney Berry, Tara Betts, Angela A. Bickham, Remica L. Bingham, Shane Book, Angela Brooks, Derrick Weston Brown, Jericho Brown, Toni Brown, Gloria Burgess, C. M. Burroughs, Lucille Clifton, Taiyon Coleman, Lauri Conner, Curtis L. Crisler, Teri Ellen Cross, Traci Dant, Kyle G. Dargan, Hayes Davis, Jarita Davis, Kwame Dawes, Jarvis Q. DeBerry, Toi Derricotte, Joel Dias-Porter, La Tasha N. Nevada Diggs, R. Erica Doyle, Camille T. Dungy, Cornelius Eady, Michele Elliott, Phebus Etienne, Chanda Feldman, Nikky Finney, Reginald L. Flood, Cherryl Floyd-Miller, Krista Franklin, John Frazier, Deidre R. Gantt, Ross Gay, Regie O’Hare Gibson, Carmen R. Gillespie, Aracelis Girmay, Monica A. Hand, Michael S. Harper, Duriel E. Harris, francine j. harris, Reginald Harris, Yona Harvey, Terrance Hayes, Tonya Cherie Hegamin, Sean Hill, Andre O. Hoilette, Lita Hooper, Erica Hunt, Kate Hymes, Linda Susan Jackson, Major Jackson, Honorée Fanonne Jeffers, Tyehimba Jess, Amaud Jamaul Johnson, Brandon D. Johnson, Karma Mayet Johnson, A. Van Jordan, Carolyn C. Joyner, John Keene, M. Nzadi Keita, Ruth Ellen Kocher, Yusef Komunyakaa, Jacqueline Jones LaMon, Quraysh Ali Lansana, Carmelo Larose, Virginia K. Lee, Raina J. León, Doughtry “Doc” Long, Kenyetta Lovings, Adrian Matejka, Shara McCallum, Carrie Allen McCray, Ernesto Mercer, Dante Micheaux, Jonathan Moody, Kamilah Aisha Moon, Indigo Moor, Lenard D. Moore, Harryette Mullen, Marilyn Nelson, Mendi Lewis Obadike, Gregory Pardlo, Carlo Toli Paul, Gwen Triay Samuels, Sonia Sanchez, Tim Seibles, Elaine Shelly, Cherene Sherrard, Kevin Simmonds, Patricia Smith, Tracy K. Smith, Christina Springer, Christopher Stackhouse, Nicole Terez, Amber Flora Thomas, Samantha Thornhill, Venus Thrash, Natasha Trethewey, Lyrae Van Clief-Stefanon, Wendy S. Walters, Nagueyalti Warren, Afaa Michael Weaver, Arisa White, Simone White, Carolyn Beard Whitlow, Karen Williams, Treasure Williams, Bridgette A. Wimberly, Yolanda Wisher, Toni Wynn, Al Young, and Kevin Young.
One approach: a sampling. Not a cento—no dismally mechanistic dispersal of others’ work into some whiteboy notion of “multivocality”—that tenor gets voiced without my assistance. (Every African-American in the country grows up learning—at least
—two distinct languages, is what I wager.) A few lines out of each piece, grabbed without prejudice, that is, no fore-notion or slant towards the “typical” or the “atypical” either. The selections follow the alphabetical list of contributors (above). (There is something like a crazy democracy at work in assigning each
writer one poem: guarantee that nobody
’ll be adequately represented. A riff offering a few lines out of each and every poem is, I suppose, a logical, if plod-prone, extension of that. Snapshot of a snapshot.)
My own mother passed this gift to me: the ability to simultaneously Whew.
lose my country, my self, my secure knowledge that I
owned the world.
i would do it again
work my way
through the hatred
In the early nineteen-eighties, the black men
were divine, spoke French, had read everything
skin like blood like wine like war binding tight the white flesh, the black pits
pressed into the narrow center sleeping like sin like sex
a blueblack star marked my birth
a razor blade cut my course
a razor blade cut my course
I ain’t got to whine to let him know his place.
I’d be starving if I ate all the lies they fed.
I remember like it was last Tuesday:
our mutual parting of the ways come
on account of a can of 10W40
elbow-high gloves gargantuan on the slender arms,
head tilted like a sunflower, legs spread,
and the sharp sucking against the teeth—
The landlord told Raymond’s mother that twelve dollars
would be deducted from their rent for every rat killed.
In the wake of my fifth bite
of pear, two women, a visiting cousin
and Marse’s new wife, were killed.
On Wednesday—pot roast and hotwater cornbread,
the cornmeal sifted as fine as loose road dust
lifting to settle on trousers and lace socks.
we’d say Wow to the crushed-can collector,
yeah, that funked-out guy we down with—
he one street off from cool now
On Saturdays twicedamonth after a breakfast of pancakes and sahshees we went to visit the sick and shut-in or the well and shut-out (of a right mind).
Time is your
in the field.
Grandmother breaks to wring and squeeze the purification towel free of water, soap, and a bricklike, muddy dirt. Child, all that noise ain’t necessary. If you could see this nastiness, you’d be thanking me.
we dark still living
who crawled or
hair matted flat
In angry mists, you see them, round hands
reaching, beckoning their beloveds.
Today, the sun burns through marine-white air
She wants sounds pinioned,
melodic as high-voiced
canaries carousing, half-
“the trees wave their knotted branches
and . . .” why
is there under that poem always
an other poem?
and we fight over your
foolishness thinking love
can come in a redbone
and she went to work manufacturing lines of general foods
where she punched time until they forced her to retire
and in giving up work she opened her backyard bar
We had lookouts
in the alleys and the tall kids jumped the fence and the runners ran
with the bags. Peaches were easy. In the graveyard we had no trouble
getting peaches from the dead.
the pulp of your carved initials
made with the solid grasp
of a still-forming hand
My arm, the arm
of all our fishing generations,
who knew land could be sold
from under you.
Hell, round them all up—in minutes
we’ll be standing knee deep in
the unselected poems of black literature.
Comfort is helping him pee, or lifting him
onto the toilet, waiting, wiping after his bowels
Across the ocean and decades
before, two boys called each other
Gangly man, skin like red dirt,
you have let rip,
a streak of living
across these here United States.
Says she’s seen my kind and knows me well:
Seditty. Too stiff to get down.
he would load mustard on a saltine, lay a little
fish on top, & tip it with a juicy slice
If he turns his sax upside-down
it curves like a question mark.
What is a true measure of music?
sip of— jet mighty joe young overgrown
deep plum baby daddy DMX
crawling back to you naked over porcupines
selling my qualms and other precious possessions
giving you all the proceeds
Can’t say as I blame Miss Amy her grip on the house. Heaven knows, her husband’s a first-rate
scoundrel, and a groggy fool to boot, Master Jackson was in amongst the ’taters with that servant
girl name of Lena.
A deal with the devil
In blues terms, the tongue we use
When we don’t want nuance
To get in the way
The easy way out is, I am nothing.
I have nothing, so I collect things.
Blue jays caucused in leaves, vowing to conquer
berry fields as water rehearsed its verses.
Over dinner my mother talked stories
of her father stringing hogs
for November slaughter as segue
to discussing black family mobility
The idolized air
is never free.
just one-day’s walk and this sumac and sagebrush church
could be worshipped hard in Latin under the most wild sky
in glyph, the mind of percival everett’s baby ralph asks, “is a photograph always present
tense?” as in here I am!
the few black boys here circle white girls
who sprout from these backroads, smell
of hairspray and floral alcohol of drugstore perfume
at once to be sly and unsly, no so
unlike those terrible dancehall bodies
I know the scratch of bark between my legs,
the dogwood’s smooth deception. Their guilt-stained
flowers ushered winter, the smell of death
Song like marble spun
into silk. The human
Or teach us the phonics of bulleted speech no
Blueprint would show how to build a new brick
To stitch a new tower from us to the voice all
Hand on hip, I stood defiant.
How far could a broomswept
Head go anyway?
isn’t there a word
for yellow-husk morning
of coke-eyed soldiers
prep. 1. origin or cause: Aaron begets Helen, Laura, Ermine, Christine, Inez, Beulah, and Sonny. Sonny, he died of female complications. 2. material or substance: the house was built of bricks
yet Mingus caught Pres’s stride in ballads
easing of the glottals his very song eclipsed
in the high registers down low in Kansas City
Now and again a hoopty livery cab would chuckle along, rolling its heavy engine: Goodie-bye, it would say like mythical Ibo flying away
They say . . . well, they say nothing about you, Mr. DogEared,
because you disappeared. Side rocking and silly toed,
Vanish man across the sideways bricks of buildings, hesitant.
Boxed-in from birth by the Boogie-Down,
“freedom” what could be taken in the streets,
from a bottle or a blunt.
I stumble in the memory
of Ohio, old names and faces
given me: Pecola, Dorcas,
Violet, Nel, First Corinthians.
I was to be taken somewhere and given a name
More bona fide and afflicted, I was to be shot
My name is Lovely
And I’m so
My hair is long
And yours is not.
red delicious red but red
like redeye gravy on grits
at Gus’s or red like stoplights
spills tripe and bowels
like curses, like obeah
into the killing pan
oily, visceral proteins smell the air
Thirty years of marriage sits between them
like a bomb.
You have to
the world to
become its possessor.
A flick of her wrist,
flap: “His eyes are on the sparrow
and I know he watches me.”
Because she was homesick for the smell
of Virginia tobacco and pit-roasted hog
Hannibal grasps a Roman
monkeybar on history’s rung, and the mighty heroes at recess
lay dead in woe on the imagined battlefields of Halo.
Yes, these predictable fifths. O, the blues
is all about slinging those low tales out
the back door
leadbelly you say.
Long from those indifferent hours,
long from the doors of the Maison du jouir
and the affected gaze of his mistresses.
somewhere, lips print a cigarette, low tones chase
smoke from her mouth, crawl into the ear of another man
machete is our music, pianissimo the cut. I sing into the dip between
shoulder and spine. elucidate the nape. how the belly infuses the barren palm.
You no longer question
What kind of blue pulls a man’s skin
So tightly over the face.
I want to leave behind the icy surge,
The cold I felt some twenty year ago
In October, when coral leaves wither and fall
and she missed not a note, hunched over that microphone,
song after song sweating through her spangles
like a dockworker, as men slid to and fro in shade
In front of the box stage.
whisky in her treble some nights
moan making a slack belt
revival hymn to salt pork fingertips
Fathered by a white desire,
vials, by a quarter-T,
a lighter, needle, spoon.
mockingbirds arrive with stolen songs
& cries, their unspeakable lies & omens
as if they are some minor god’s
only true instrument & broken way
She curses loud in thick
patois, then calls on Jesus, but no one looks away from the corpse
laid out in front of the rose settee.
mean got dis suit fo ya john aint nobody worn dese clothes befo
walk proud in dese clothes dese is free mans clothes
Then with the severity of knives we drew seven from the bone-yard,
The common pile of thick and heavy permutations of dice.
rocks of rejection
were thrown at her because
of the yellow tone of her skin
not high yellow
humming a respirator song
“I put slight faith in his own affirmation”
a man is as constant as the devil on holiday
devil chasing his wife
down the street with a stick
she trying to run with only one shoe on
Reluctant yellow light ties her fawn-colored lips shut. Behind resplendent fresh her teeth are clenched, her jaw is lantern.
or man, knows how to handle Al Green.
That Girl from Ipanema would have
I am the woman at the water’s edge
offering you oranges for the peeling,
knife glistening in the sun.
riffin’ on his
neither the hustlers nor
the pharmacists peddle the elixir
that banishes the Wolf, the Butcher,
& sits on the floor pulling out her hair
one strand at a time,
trying to weave it into the carpet
with a piece of fingernail
is on her back cramming
my hand down cropped
denims. Her left leg,
a pine cone pendulum
knocking against the vanity.
You figure if you don’t “get” me,
I’ll somehow get you good—
invading and transforming the habitat forever.
Muddy Waters sprang whole, dry-
heaved from the knotted center
of a plank-wood shack.
Shook hisself loose of blood,
dirt, moonshine, the ass-dark end
of a mule
how my father ducked rounds
beneath a sky like heavy blankets
that smothered soldiers in sleep
You thirsty? You buy us mojitos? You bring your yanqui dolor. We show our splendid squalor.
Or would you think her capable only of lies
because her hands are rough from scrubbing floors?
Dear Dear, what is this about? i want to know and don’t want to know.
Do you imagine here is also such a thing as an UNwilling reader?
I could see the dark Turnpike for miles, the somber
office buildings winking insomniac cells, the tarmac
spread before us like a picnic blanket and you, like a jade Buddha
Had an interesting conversation with a crew member.
He asked me which coast of Africa Haiti sits on.
I told him Haiti is an independent nation on the Atlantic
where you currently preside and showed him your picture.
Uncle, he laughed at the idea of a Negro president.
and scatter my ashes
all over Old Town,
once entirely owned by
my Free Mulatto Triay grandfathers
who built the seawall on top of
i bled an owl’ s blood
shredding the grass until i
rocked in a choir of worms.
obscene with hands, I wooed the world
I gotta hand it to you though—
all the colors, the smells, tall,
petite, skinny-minnies or whoppin’
Should I waltz or shake
my hips in fast huckabuck
Is it minuet or juicy grind
For a franc, every stratum can view
the exhibition of the latest hottentot.
One would presume that Robespierre still
reigned over the tricolore, the fever for blood
He called Emmett Till a mansion,
a mansion of a boy
whose rooms we
Now when ’retha’s
fleeing screech reach been-done-wrong bone, all the
Holy Ghost can do is stand at a respectable distance
They defy gravity to feel tugged back.
The clatter, the mad slap of landing.
I remember him hyperactive lean.
Fragile as grinning watermelon
salt shakers nudged off of antique
store shelves when Black folks shatter
drop history for the sake of propriety.
That look, what undermines breath’s pace—
diadem, sloping, reticular hair, pronounced intelligence
how embellished the drunken curve of the moth’s
recursive slanting course
we bank our fires and wait.
eventually sleep scratches at the back door,
stubbled with radio static, barbed constellations.
I turn the dress loose—its hand-sewn collar,
its seven bodice buttons, the hem’s frayed edge.
I follow each stitch as it slips
from its hold.
I fed up wit she jokin me wet paper bag of a city.
Dis dotish Yankee gyul.
See she body drape ova de ledge so?
Watch me fix she.
Justice won’t be swift to rescue us
From the clutch of history’s dark lot
In 1965 my parents broke two laws of Mississippi;
they went to Ohio to marry, returned to Mississippi.
They crossed the river into Cincinnati, a city whose name
begins with a sound like sin, the sound of the wrong—mis in Mississippi.
Come and fry my catfish, baby,
But make sure the grease is hot.
Boy, I got your side meal ready.
Grits are bubblin’ in the pot.
Paper reads “Brown Pelicans Shot” along the coast
of Malibu. No one knows if it is a ritual sacrifice,
but birds are not harmless if one loves them
would not be moved when called nigger
would not from the lunch counter move
to eat at the Colored hole in the wall out back
I can see the white folks’ heads checking
available cash in front of naked Africans
chained, bereaved, and listening to
a cruelty yet to be born. I can smell
the congregation of odors
259 Brooklyn Avenue, WARWICK, named after a 14th-century
Military leader, is guarded by a band of black boys, conscripts
Of their own gang, where they’re forced to wear their blood
the two halves needing to be joined
back to themselves but only by you
the hum of her throttle but not her berserk
the pleasures in the sound s it makes
just before it buckles
Come Monday, I’ll dustmop, repaper with multicolor
Prints, zigzag zebra stripe rooms, fuchsias, no dark
Blue or sober gray, none of the colors that you love.
Se wo were fi na wosan kofa a yenki
It is not taboo to go back
And fetch what you forgot.
a jimmy choo shoe 99% off poem
a baby let me get that poem
a you don’t look a day over thirty poem
an I can still wear a belly shirt poem
Don’t call me rose baby, treat me like daffodil
Need some prunin’ and some trimmin’, I could give you such a thrill.
I’ve watch a humble church rock
with a congregation of one, sometimes two,
your bed a sinner woman’s pulpit,
your body an aisle for conniptions.
The uncle sat
in a dinghy nearby,
just quiet, the whole four hours
the rescue crew worked.
To go for broke, in the gospel sense,
means giving up everything you’ve got (or thought
you had) to God. Give up everything you were (or thought
you were) to the Lord.
I tried but God’s
I don’t mind using
love letters for fire
but at least leave me
to fan it higher.
Something a little dogged about that “mode,” typing up the material. Conversely, though, there is the way that, under such hard handling, the material exhibits soonest its durability, or,
its friability. Burning hard, or coming apart in one’s hands. (The experience is even more intense in the task of job-stick typesetting for letterpress, a high-recommend to individual writers whose raillery and verbosity is fit to swamp the writing.)
Harryette Mullen remarks (part of a tiny history of Cave Canem wherein she explains how Cave Canem
refers to a sign at the entrance of a poet’s house noted by Derricotte and Eady whilst touring the ruins of Pompeii—a sign meaning “beware the dog”) that “As African American poets traveling in Europe, they were aware that what is called “black experience” is only a part of the life that black people actually experience. They knew that pertinent experience of black individuals and communities often goes unrecognized and unrepresented in literature, art, and popular culture. They envisioned a productive space where black poets, individually and collectively, can inspire and be inspired by others, relieved of any obligation to explain or defend their blackness.” Too, Mullen writes: “What seems to characterize the current conversation is a greater tolerance of difference, uncertainty, and even confusion in our lives and in our work as poets. We can exist as black artists without hermetic definitions of art or blackness.” Something probably apt for all writers: it’s a restless era, one tending less to pronunciamento and certainty.
And I—whiteboy—read the collection how exactly? I see blues and blunts, and a mean sense of history, and the ornery (and ordinary) devastations and redemptions of sex. Or is that just seeing what being a whiteboy in the present historical moment taught me to see—after all, I grew up reading Piri Thomas, and Malcolm X’s Autobiography,
and H. Rap Brown, and Eldridge Cleaver, and Dick Gregory, all that for just that reason: for the nitty-gritty lacking in my own liberal Midwest university town surround. Having found it (and loved it) once, am I “condemned” then to see it (and it only) forevermore? I see little form for form itself—though there are sestinas, rhyming quatrains, a pantoum, blues. I do see still (despite the expressed desire to leave blackness somehow behind), a nearly complete refusal / inability to do so. (Such is the power of representation
’s past—without a determined rupture, it endlessly reproduces itself.)
Cave Canem mosaic, Pompeii